Chifukwa Chomwe Sankhani Kutenthetsera Kutentha ndi maubwino ake

Chifukwa Chomwe Sankhani Kutenthetsera Kutentha ndi maubwino ake

Chifukwa chiyani mumasankha Kutentha kotsekemera pamwamba pa convection, chowala, lawi lotseguka kapena njira ina yotenthetsera? Nayi chidule chachidule cha zabwino zazikulu zomwe kutentha kwamakono kwamphamvu kwamakampani komwe kumapangidwira pakupanga kopanda mafuta:

Kubweretsa Kutentha UbwinoKukwanira Koyenera

Kutentha kwazitsulo kumachotsa zosagwirizana komanso zovuta zomwe zimakhudzana ndi lawi lotseguka, kutentha kwa tochi ndi njira zina. Dongosololi likakonzedwa bwino ndikukhazikitsidwa, palibe ntchito yongoyerekeza kapena kusiyanasiyana; kachitidwe kotenthetsako kakhoza kubwereza komanso kosasintha. Ndi machitidwe amakono olimba, kuwongolera kutentha kokwanira kumapereka zotsatira zofananira; mphamvu imatha kuyatsidwa nthawi yomweyo kapena kutsekedwa. Ndi kutentha kotsekedwa kotsekemera, makina otenthetsera opitilira muyeso amatha kuyeza kutentha kwa gawo lililonse. Mitundu yokhayo, yolembera ndi kutsika mitengo imatha kukhazikitsidwa & zambiri zitha kujambulidwa pagawo lililonse lomwe likuyendetsedwa.

Kukula Kwambiri

Mitengo yopanga itha kukulitsidwa chifukwa kupatsidwa ulemu kumagwira ntchito mwachangu kwambiri; kutentha kumapangidwa mwachindunji komanso nthawi yomweyo (> 2000º F. mu <1 sekondi) mkati mwa gawolo. Kuyamba kumakhala pafupifupi nthawi yomweyo; palibe kutentha kapena kutentha komwe kumafunika. Makina otenthetsera amatha kumalizidwa pansi, pafupi ndi makina ozizira kapena otentha, m'malo motumiza zigawo zingapo kumalo oyaka moto kapena subcontractor. Mwachitsanzo, njira yolimbitsira kapena kusungunula yomwe kale imafuna njira yowotchera nthawi yayitali, yotchinga pamzere tsopano ikhoza kusinthidwa ndi njira yopitilira imodzi.

Kusintha Kwabwino Kwazochita

Ndi kupatsidwa ulemu, gawo lomwe liziwotchedwa silimakumana mwachindunji ndi lawi kapena chinthu china chotenthetsera; kutentha kumayendetsedwa mkati mwa gawo palokha posintha magetsi. Zotsatira zake, kuwonongeka kwazogulitsa, kusokoneza ndi kukana mitengo kumachepetsedwa. Pazabwino kwambiri pazogulitsa, gawo limatha kudzipatula m'chipinda chotsekedwa chokhala ndi vacuum, kulowetsamo kapena kuchepetsa mpweya kuti muchepetse zotsatira za oxidation.

Moyo Wopitilira

Kutentha kwamtunda kumathandizira kutentha kwapadera kwakanthawi kochepa kwambiri m'malo anu, osatentha madera ena ozungulira. Izi zimatithandizira moyo wamakonzedwe ogwirira ntchito ndi makina.

Mwachikhalidwe

Njira zotenthetsera siziwotcha mafuta oyambira; kulowetsedwa ndi njira yoyera, yopanda kuipitsa yomwe ingathandize kuteteza chilengedwe. Dongosolo lololera limasintha magwiridwe antchito kwa antchito anu pakuchotsa utsi, kutentha kwa zinyalala, mpweya wopanda pake ndi phokoso lalikulu. Kutentha kumakhala kotetezeka komanso koyenera popanda lawi lotseguka kuyika pangozi wothandizira kapena kuyimitsa njirayo. Zipangizo zopanda mawonekedwe sizikhudzidwa ndipo zimatha kukhala pafupi ndi kufunda popanda kuwonongeka.

Kuchepetsa Mphamvu Yogwiritsa Ntchito

Mukutopa ndi ndalama zowonjezera zowonjezera? Njira yokhayi yowonjezera mphamvuyi imatembenukira ku 90% ya mphamvu yowonjezera mphamvu kukhala yotentha; Nkhumba zotentha ndizochepa 45% yowonjezera mphamvu. Ndipo popeza kutengeka sikufuna kutenthetsa kapena kuzizira, kuyima kwa kutentha kumachepetsedwa kukhala kochepa. Kubwezeretsa ndi kusasinthasintha kwa pulojekitiyi kumapangitsa kuti zikhale zovomerezeka kwambiri ndi zogwiritsira ntchito zowonongeka.

Kutentha kotentha


Kutulutsa pafupipafupi
 makina ndi teknoloji yotentha yozizira Pakadali pano kutentha kwamphamvu kwazitsulo, kuthamanga kwambiri, ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kochepa poteteza zachilengedwe. Yagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mafakitale osiyanasiyana pamakina othandizira pazitsulo, mankhwala othandizira kutentha, msonkhano wotentha ndi kuwotcherera, kusungunuka. Sizingangotenthetsera ntchitoyo ponseponse, komanso pakugwirizana ndi Kutenthetsera kwapa ntchito; mwakuya chifukwa cha kutentha kwa malo ogwiritsira ntchito amatha kuzindikirika, kungoyang'ana kokha pamtunda, kutenthetsa kwapansi; osati kutentha kwachitsulo kwazitsulo, komanso kutentha kwazitsulo zosakhudzana ndi chitsulo. Ndi zina zotero. Chifukwa chake, ukadaulo wamagetsi olimbitsa thupi umagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamitundu yonse.

Kutentha kwawoko kwa malo opangira zovala ndi njira yomwe ikuthandizira panopo. Njira yothetsera kutentha iyi yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakuwunikira, komanso itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito poyimitsa pang'ono kapena kukankha, ndipo nthawi zina imagwiritsidwanso ntchito pozimitsa komanso kufinya. Ma 1930 oyambirira, United States, Soviet Union adagwiritsa ntchito njira yotenthetsera pakuuma kwa ziwalo. Ndi chitukuko cha mafakitale, kutentha kwanyumba, ukadaulo wothandizira kutentha ukupitilizabe kupitiliza, pitilizani kukulitsa ntchito zamitundu mitundu.

Mfundo zoyambira: makina ogwiritsira ntchito mu inductor (coil), ndipo masensa akamadutsa mu kusintha kwa pafupipafupi kwake, mphamvu zamagetsi zosinthika zimapangidwa mozungulira. Mphamvu yamagetsi yolowetsa mphamvu yamagetsi yosinthika kotero kuti kuphatikizira pakhale pano ntchito yopanga mkati mwa closed ─ vortex. Mafunde ophatikizidwa amagawidwa mosagawanika m'chigawo cholumikizira chida, mphamvu yayitali pakapangidwe kamakina ogwirira ntchito, mkati mwake imachepera pang'onopang'ono, izi zimadziwika kuti khungu. Mphamvu yapamwamba yaposachedwa yamakina ogwira ntchitoyo imapatsa mphamvu mphamvu zambiri, kotero kuti kutentha kwa mawonekedwe wosanjikiza kumawonjezeka, mwachitsanzo, kutentha kwamtambo. Kukula kwakanthawi ndi kwapamwamba, kachulukidwe kakapangidwe kamakina ogwirira ntchito ndipo kusiyana kwamkati ndikokulirapo, mawonekedwe otenthetsera ndi ochepa. Kuzizira kwadzidzidzi, kutentha kwawotenthetsera pamtunda wa malo ofunika a chitsulo padziko lapansi kungatheke.

Kugawa: malinga ndi kuchuluka kwa zomwe zikusinthira pakali pano, kutentha kwazowotcha ndi kutentha kumagawidwa mu UHF, HF, RF, MF, pafupipafupi.
(1) Ultra-high frequency induction heater treatment yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito pakanthawi pano mpaka 27 MHz, mawonekedwe otenthetsera ndi ochepa thupi kwambiri, pafupifupi 0.15 mm, angagwiritsidwe ntchito pazithunzi zovuta monga masapota ozungulira ndi mapangidwe oonda a workprint.
② kuthamanga kwamkati mwazotentha pafupipafupi kumagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku ano a 200 mpaka 300 kHz, kuya kwa kutentha kwamawonekedwe ndi 0.5 mpaka 2 mm kungagwiritsidwe ntchito zida zamagetsi, masilinda, cam, shaft ndi mbali zina za pamwamba kuzimitsa.
TreatmentRadio yotentha yotentha ndi pafupipafupi ya 20 mpaka 30 kHz, yokhala ndi audio yayikulu yotulutsa zida zazing'ono zamagetsi, zotenthetsera pang'ono pamagawo azithunzi, moto wabwino.
4 MF (Medium Frequency) Kutenthetsera kwa kutentha kwa kutentha pogwiritsa ntchito pafupipafupi nthawi zambiri kumachokera ku 2.5 mpaka 10 kHz, kuya kwa chosanjikiza chotenthetsera ndi 2 mpaka 8 mm, ndi zina zambiri zama modulus gear, okhala ndi shaft yayikulu komanso kuzizira pindulani workpiece monga kuumitsa kwapamwamba.
⑤ magetsi pafupipafupi otenthetsera kutentha kutentha komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku ano a 50 mpaka 60 Hz, kuya kwa kutentha kwamkati ndi 10 mpaka 15 mm, kungagwiritsidwe ntchito poyambitsa zovuta ntchito.

Makhalidwe ndi kugwiritsa ntchito: Ubwino wawukulu wothandizira kutentha: ① Kukhala ndi magetsi otenthetsera okwanira palokha ndi kochepa, kogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu pang'ono. Kuipitsidwa kwa ②. ③ kuthamanga, mawonekedwe opangira makutidwe ndi okosijeni ndi kupendekera kwapang'onopang'ono. Mawonekedwe olimba pamtunda amatha kusintha momwe angafunikire, osavuta kuwongolera. (5) zida zamagetsi zitha kuyikidwa mu chingwe chopangira makina, zosavuta kuzindikira makina ndi zochita zokha, zosavuta kuyendetsa, komanso zimatha kuchepetsa mayendedwe, kupulumutsa opatsa mphamvu, kukonza magwiridwe antchito. ⑥ Wouma wosanjikiza martensite yaying'ono, kuuma, mphamvu, kulimba, ndizokwera. ⑦ kuumitsa kwa malo ogwirira ntchito kulimbikira kupsinjika kwamkati, kukwera kwa ntchito yolimbana ndi kutopa.

Makina otenthetseraThe kuyambitsa kutentha kutentha ilinso ndi zina zovuta or zovuta. Poyerekeza ndi kuwuma kwa moto, zida zamagetsi zolimbitsa thupi ndizovuta kwambiri, komanso kuzolocha kosavuta, kovuta kutsimikizira mtundu wa mawonekedwe ena ovuta a ntchito.
Chowotcha cholowetsa ndichophatikizika ndichovuta kwambiri, mtengo wamalowedwe ukakhala wokwera kwambiri, kusinthana ndi kusinthika kwa coil yozungulira (inductor) ndiosakwanira, sikungagwiritsidwe ntchito pazinthu zina zovuta zopangidwira.

Koma, mwachidziwikire, maubwino amaposa zovuta zake.
Chifukwa chake, kutentha kwanyengo ndikwabwino kusanja kwazitsulo m'malo mwaotenthetsera malasha, kuwotcha mafuta, kuyatsa magetsi, kuphika wamagetsi, kuyatsa magetsi ndi magetsi ena.


Mapulogalamu: Kutentha kogwiritsa ntchito kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakukulitsa magiya, shafiti, ma crankshafts, ma cams, rolling, ndi zina zotere, cholinga chake ndikuwongolera kukana kwa abrasion komanso kuthana ndi kufooka kwa kuthekera kwa zinthuzi. Magalimoto kumbuyo kwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito magetsi otenthetsera, kuwuma kwa maginito ka 10 kumawonjezeka pafupifupi nthawi za XNUMX kuposa zomwe zimazimitsidwa. Kuwunikira kutentha kuwongolera kwa mapepala ogwiritsira ntchito nthawi zambiri kumakhala ndi chitsulo cha kaboni. Kuti muthane ndi zosowa zapadera za kabatani kapangidwe kameneka zapangidwira kuti ziwonjezere kutentha mkati mwake. Chitsulo chamoto wapamwamba komanso chitsulo cholimbira chingagwiritsidwenso ntchito kuwotchera kutenthetsa. Njira yothanirana ndi madzi kapena polima.

zida: Induction Heat Treatment Equipment zida zamagetsi, makina ozimitsa ndi sensa. Udindo waukulu wa zida zamagetsi ndizoyenera kutulutsa zamagetsi zamakono. Mphamvu yamagetsi yapompano yamphamvu kwambiri yamagetsi yotulutsa ma high-frequency jenereta ndi ma SCR awiri osinthira. NGATI magetsi opangira magetsi pano alipo. Mphamvu yamagetsi imangotulutsa pafupipafupi momwemo, zida zina zimatha kusintha ma frequency apano, mwachindunji ndi 50 Hz magetsi pafupipafupi pano.

kusankha: kuya kwa kapangidwe kazotengera kanthete komanso ntchito yake imafunikira kutentha. Kutenthetsa zakuya kwa chogwirira ntchito, pogwiritsa ntchito zida zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zilipo; chopangira chosachepera, zida zamagetsi zapamwamba zamagetsi zikuyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito. Sankhani zinthu zina zamagetsi ndi mphamvu ya chipangizocho. Malo otentha akuwonjezeka, mphamvu yamagetsi yofunikira ndi kuwonjezeka kofananira. Malo otentha akakhala okulirapo, kapena magetsi osakwanira, njirayo imatha kutenthedwa, kotero kuti kayendedwe ka ntchito ndi sensor, kuwotcha kwamtsogolo, kusazizirako. Koma zabwino kwambiri, kapena Kutenthetsera kwapa kotentha konse. Izi zitha kugwiritsa ntchito gawo la ntchito la pulojekiti kuti lisungunike kutentha kotero kuti mawonekedwe olimba owuma kuti njirayi ikhale yosavuta, komanso kupulumutsa mphamvu.

Udindo waukulu wa makina otenthetsera ndi malo ogwirira ntchito ndi mayendedwe ofunikira. Tiyeneranso kutsagana ndi chozimitsa TV. Makina ozimitsa amatha kugawidwa mu zida zamakina wamba ndi zida zapadera za makina, zakalezi zimagwiranso ntchito pamakina ogwirira ntchito, omwe ndi oyenera kupanga zida zambiri zogwirira ntchito.

Kuwongolera kutenthetsa kwa kutentha, kuti muwonetsetse momwe kutentha kumathandizira komanso kupititsa patsogolo mafuta othandizira, ndikofunikira malinga ndi mawonekedwe a malo antchito ndi zofunika, kapangidwe ndi kapangidwe kapangidwe ka masensa oyenerera. Mphamvu yodziwika yotenthetsera kunja kwa sensor, sensenti yamkati yotenthetsera sensor ndege sensor, sensor yotenthetsera chilengedwe, mtundu wapadera wa sensor yothira, mtundu wina wa masensa otenthetsera, chophatikizira sensa yamoto.