Kuchulukitsa Kumalimbitsa Njira Yapamwamba

Kuchulukitsa Kumalimbitsa Njira Yogwiritsa Ntchito Ma Appatons

Kodi kulowetsa ndikutani?

Kuchetsa kuumitsa Ndi njira yothandizira kutentha komwe gawo lachitsulo lokhala ndi mpweya wokwanira limatenthedwa m'munda wazowonjezera kenako utakhazikika mwachangu. Izi zimawonjezera kulimba komanso kufooka kwa gawolo. Kutentha kwanyumba kumakupatsani mwayi wokhala ndi Kutentha kwakanthawi komwe kumakonzedweratu ndipo kumakuthandizani kuwongolera ndendende kuwumitsa. Njira zobwereza zimatsimikizika. Nthawi zambiri, kuumitsa kwa induction kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pazitsulo zomwe zimafunika kukhala zolimba pamwamba, pomwe nthawi yomweyo zimasunga makina awo. Ntchito yolimbitsa induction ikakwaniritsidwa, chitsulo chogwirira ntchito chimayenera kuzimitsidwa m'madzi, mafuta kapena mpweya wolowera kuti mupeze mawonekedwe ake osanjikiza.

kutulutsa kochotsa pamwamba

Kuchetsa kuumitsa ndi njira yolimbitsira mwachangu komanso mosankha gawo lazitsulo. Koyilo yamkuwa yomwe ili ndi gawo lalikulu lazosinthasintha pano imayikidwa pafupi (osakhudza) gawolo. Kutentha kumapangidwa, komanso pafupi pamtunda ndi zotayika za eddy zamakono komanso za hysteresis. Kutseka, nthawi zambiri kumakhala kwamadzi ndi chowonjezera monga polima, kumayendetsedwa ndi gawolo kapena kumizidwa. Izi zimasintha nyumbayo kukhala martensite, yomwe ndi yolimba kwambiri kuposa momwe idapangidwira kale.

Mtundu wodziwika, wamakono wazida zolimbitsa amatchedwa scanner. Gawolo limachitikira pakati pa malo, kuzungulira, ndikudutsa koyilo yopita patsogolo yomwe imapereka kutentha ndi kuzimitsa. Kuzimitsa kumayendetsedwa pansipa koyilo, chifukwa chake gawo lililonse lachigawo limakhazikika mwachangu kutenthetsa. Mulingo wamagetsi, nthawi yokhalamo, sikani (chakudya) ndi zina zomwe zimayendetsedwa zimayendetsedwa bwino ndi kompyuta.

Njira yolimbitsira nkhani yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito kukulitsa kukana, kuwuma kwapamwamba komanso moyo wotopa kudzera pakupanga malo olimba osanjikiza pokhalabe ndi gawo laling'ono la microstructure.

Kuchetsa kuumitsa amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuonjezera makina opangira zida zopangira malo enaake. Ntchito wamba ndi powertrain, kuyimitsidwa, zida zama injini ndi stampings. Kulowetsa kwachangu ndikwabwino pakukonzekera zonena zovomerezeka / zolephera m'munda. Phindu lalikulu ndikukula kwa mphamvu, kutopa ndi kuvala m'malo osanjikizika osasinthanso chinthucho.

Njira ndi Makampani omwe atha kupindula ndi kuumitsa koyambitsa:

  • Chithandizo cha kutentha

  • Kuumitsa unyolo

  • Chubu & chitoliro kuumitsa

  • Zomangamanga

  • Kupatula

  • Sitima

  • magalimoto

  • Mphamvu zowonjezeredwa

Ubwino Wotsitsimula:

Zokondedwa pazinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi katundu wambiri. Kuchulukitsa kumapereka kulimba kwapamwamba kwambiri ndi chozama chokwanira chokhoza kusamalira katundu wambiri kwambiri. Kutopa kumawonjezeka ndikukula kwa malo ofewa ozunguliridwa ndi gawo lakunja lolimba kwambiri. Izi ndizofunikira pazigawo zomwe zimakweza torsional komanso mawonekedwe omwe amakhudzidwa ndimphamvu. Kukonzekera kwapangidwe kumachitika gawo limodzi panthawi yomwe imalola kusunthika kwamphamvu kwambiri kuchokera mbali mpaka mbali.

  • Kuwongolera bwino kutentha ndi kuzama kolimba

  • Kutentha koyendetsedwa komanso kwamkati

  • Kuphatikizidwa mosavuta mu mizere yopanga

  • Njira yofulumira komanso yobwereza

  • Chojambula chilichonse chimatha kuumitsidwa ndi magawo oyenera

  • Ndondomeko yamagetsi

Zitsulo ndizitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri zomwe zimatha kuumitsidwa ndikulowetsedwa:

Zomangira, ma flange, magiya, zimbalangondo, chubu, mipikisano yamkati ndi yakunja, ma crankshafts, ma camshafts, magoli, ma shaft oyendetsa, zotulutsa shafts, ma spindle, ma torsion mipiringidzo, mphete zoweta, waya, mavavu, ma drill a rock, ndi zina zambiri.

Kuwonjezeka Kwambiri Kutsutsana

Pali kulumikizana kwachindunji pakati pakuuma ndi kuvala kukana. Kukanika kwa gawo kumawonjezeka kwambiri ndikulowetsedwa kwa induction, poganiza kuti momwe zinthu ziliri poyamba zidakwezedwa, kapena kuthandizidwa kuti zikhale zofewa.

Kulimbitsa Mphamvu & Kutopa Moyo chifukwa cha Soft Core & Residual Compress Stress Pamwamba

Kupanikizika kocheperako (komwe kumawoneka ngati chinthu chabwino) ndi chifukwa cha kapangidwe kolimba pafupi ndi malo okhala pang'ono pang'ono kuposa kapangidwe kake koyambirira.

Zigawo zimatha kupsa mtima pambuyo pake Kuchepetsa Kukhwima Kusintha Mulingo Wovuta, monga mukufunira

Mofanana ndi njira iliyonse yopangira mawonekedwe a martensitic, kutentha kumachepetsa kuuma kwinaku kukucheperachepera.

Mlandu Wakuya Ndi Core Cholimba

Kukula kwamilandu ndi .030 "- .120" yomwe ndi yakuya kwambiri kuposa njira monga carburizing, carbonitriding, ndi mitundu ingapo ya nitriding yomwe imachitika m'malo otentha kwambiri. Pazinthu zina monga ma axel, kapena magawo omwe amagwirabe ntchito ngakhale zinthu zambiri zitatha, kuzama kwamilandu kumatha kukhala inchi imodzi kapena kupitilira apo.

Njira Yosankhira Kulimba Popanda Masking Yofunika

Madera okhala ndi post-welding kapena post-machining amakhalabe ofewa - njira zochepa chabe zothandizira kutentha zimatha kukwaniritsa izi.

Kupotoza Kocheperako

Chitsanzo: shaft 1 "Ø x 40" yayitali, yomwe imakhala ndi magazini awiri olingana, awiri aliwonse "kutalika kwake kumafuna kuthandizira katundu ndikumavala. Kuumitsa kumachepetsa kumachitika m'malo awa okha, kutalika kwake kwa 2 ”. Ndi njira yachizolowezi (kapena ngati tingalembetseke tikamaumitsa utali wonse wa nkhaniyi), pangakhale nkhondo yayikulu kwambiri.

Ikuloleza kugwiritsa ntchito ma Low Cost Steels monga 1045

Chitsulo chodziwika bwino chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagawo olimba ndi 1045. Ndiosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, yotsika mtengo, ndipo chifukwa cha kaboni wa 0.45% mwadzina, itha kukhala yolowerera mpaka 58 HRC +. Ilinso ndi chiopsezo chochepa chothana ndi mankhwala mukamalandira mankhwala. Zida zina zodziwika bwino za njirayi ndi 1141/1144, 4140, 4340, ETD150, ndi ma iron osiyanasiyana.

Zoperewera za Kulowetsa Kwachangu

Pamafunika Induction Coil ndi Tooling yomwe imakhudzana ndi Gawo la geometry

Popeza mtunda wolumikizana ndi cholumikizira ndikofunikira pakuwotcha, kukula kwa koilo ndi mizere yake kuyenera kusankhidwa mosamala. Ngakhale othandizira ambiri amakhala ndi zida zoyambira kutenthetsa mawonekedwe ozungulira monga shafts, zikhomo, ma roller odziyimira etc. Pama projekiti apakatikati mpaka okwera, phindu lochepera mtengo wothandizila pagawo lililonse limatha kuchepetsa mtengo wama coil. Nthawi zina, maubwino amisiri a njirayi amatha kupitilira mtengo. Kupanda kutero, pama projekiti ochepa otsika mtengo wa koil ndi zida zamagetsi nthawi zambiri zimapangitsa kuti ntchitoyi ikhale yopanda ntchito ngati koyilo yatsopano iyenera kumangidwa. Gawolo liyeneranso kuthandizidwa munjira ina panthawi ya chithandizo. Kuthamanga pakati pa malo ndi njira yotchuka yamafuta amtundu wa shaft, koma nthawi zambiri zida zogwiritsira ntchito ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kuthekera Kukulira Kwakuyerekeza Poyerekeza ndi Njira Zambiri Zothandizira Kutentha

Izi ndichifukwa chakutentha ndi kuzimitsa mwachangu, komanso chizolowezi chokhazikitsa malo otentha pamagulu / m'mbali monga: mayendedwe, ma grooves, mabowo owoloka, ulusi.

Kusokoneza ndi Kulowetsa Kwachangu

Magawo opotoza amakhala akulu kuposa njira monga ion kapena gasi nitriding, chifukwa cha kutentha / kuzimitsa kofulumira komanso kusintha kwa martensitic. Izi zikunenedwa, kuumitsa kwa induction kumatha kubweretsa kusokonekera kocheperako kuposa kutentha kwanthawi zonse, makamaka zikagwiritsidwa ntchito mdera losankhidwa.

Zolephera Zakuthupi ndi Kulowetsa Kwachangu

Popeza zopititsa patsogolo zovuta sizimakhudza kufalikira kwa kaboni kapena zinthu zina, zinthuzo ziyenera kukhala ndi mpweya wokwanira pamodzi ndi zinthu zina kuti zikhale zolimba zothandizanso pakusintha kwa martensitic kufikira kulimba komwe kungafunike. Izi zikutanthauza kuti kaboni ali mgulu la 0.40%, ndikupanga kuuma kwa 56 - 65 HRC. Zida zamagetsi zotsika monga 8620 zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndikuchepetsa kuuma kotheka (40-45 HRC pankhaniyi). Zitsulo monga 1008, 1010, 12L14, 1117 sizimagwiritsidwa ntchito chifukwa cha kuwonjezeka kochepa kwa kuuma kotheka.

Kuchulukitsa Kumalimbitsa Zinthu Pazinthu

Kuchetsa kuumitsa ndi njira yogwiritsira ntchito kuwuma kwazitsulo ndi zinthu zina za aloyi. Zigawo zomwe zimapatsidwa kutentha zimayikidwa mkati mwa koyilo wamkuwa kenako zimatenthedwa pamwamba pakusintha kwazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito posinthana ndi coil. Kusintha kwakanthawi koyilo kumapangitsa maginito osinthana mkati mwa chidutswa chogwirira ntchito chomwe chimapangitsa kuti kunja kwa gawolo kutenthe ndi kutentha pamwamba pamasinthidwewo.

Zomwe zimapangidwazo zimatenthedwa pogwiritsa ntchito maginito osinthasintha kukhala kutentha mkati kapena pamwamba pamasinthidwe pambuyo pake kuzimitsa nthawi yomweyo. Ndi njira yamagetsi yamagetsi yogwiritsa ntchito koyilo ya inductor yamkuwa, yomwe imadyetsedwa pakanthawi kokhazikika komanso mulingo wamagetsi.