Kutentha kwa magetsi

Kufotokozera

Induction Chemical Reactors Kutentha-Zida Zamakina Kutentha

Kuchulukitsa kwa mankhwala opangira magetsi ya Reactors ndi Kettles, Autoclaves, Njira Zotengera, Kusunga ndi Kukhazikitsa Matanki, Malo Osambira, Miphika ndi Miphika Yotsimikizika, Zotengera Zapanikizika, Ma Vapourisor ndi ma superheater, Malo Osinthira Kutentha, Ma Rotary Drums, Mapaipi, Ziwiya Zapakati Zotenthetsera Mafuta ndi zotengera zamankhwala ndizotentha kwambiri njira kupezeka kwa madzi madzimadzi.

Tili ndi makina otenthetsera kuchokera ku 1 KW ~ 500KW. Kutentha kotentha 0 ~ 650 C. Titha kupanga makina otenthetsera oyenera amtundu wina wamagetsi.

Ubwino wa kutenthetsera kwanyumba kwanyengo yotenthetsera:

1. Kutentha mwachangu mwachangu ndi kutentha kwambiri

2. Palibe kulumikizana kwakuthupi pakati pa coil induction ndi wall wall

3. Kuyambitsa kwanthawi yomweyo ndi kutseka; palibe inertia yotentha

4. Kutentha kochepa

5. Makina opanga ndi kutentha kwa zotengera popanda kuwombera

6. Mphamvu yamagetsi yolowerera, yoyenera kuyendetsa yokha kapena yaying'ono-purosesa

7. Malo owopsa otetezedwa kapena mafakitale ogwira ntchito pamagetsi amizere

8. Kutentha kwa yunifolomu kwaulere kwachangu kwambiri

9. Kutsika mtengo

10. Kutentha kochepa kapena kotsika

11. Zosavuta komanso zosinthika kuti zigwire ntchito

12. Kusamalira kocheperako

13. Mgwirizano wazogulitsa

14. Chowotcha chimakhala chokha chokha chokhala ndi malo ochepera

15. Otetezeka komanso okhazikika kwa maola 24 akugwira ntchito & Zoposa zaka 10 zogwira ntchito

Kuchulukitsa koyilo kojambula Zilipo kuti zigwirizane ndi zotengera zachitsulo ndi akasinja amitundu yonse ndi mawonekedwe kuyambira masentimita angapo mpaka mita zingapo m'mimba mwake kapena kutalika. Chitsulo chofewa, chovala chitsulo chofewa, chitsulo cholimba chosapanga dzimbiri kapena zotengera zopanda fungo zitha kutenthedwa bwino. Nthawi zambiri makulidwe ochepera a 6 ~ 10mm amalimbikitsidwa.

The Makina Othandizira Kutentha monga:

1. Kutentha kotentha.

2. Coil Kutentha koyilo.

3. Lonjezani chingwe

4. K mtundu wa thermocouple ndi zina zotero.

Kutentha kotentha kumapereka maubwino omwe sapezeka m'makina ena: magwiridwe antchito abwino opanga magwiridwe antchito ndi magwiridwe antchito abwino osatulutsa kutentha kwazungulira.

Makampani omwe amagwiritsa ntchito njira yotenthetsera:

• Zoyeserera ndi ketulo.

• Zomatira ndi zokutira zapadera.

• Mankhwala, gasi ndi mafuta.

• Kukonza chakudya.

• Kumaliza kwazitsulo ndi zitsulo ndi zina zotero.

HLQ Induction Chemical Zotentha Kutentha Wopanga

Tili zaka zoposa 20 zokumana nazo mu Kutentha kotentha ndipo tapanga, kupanga, kupanga, kukhazikitsa ndikulamula makina otenthetsera chotengera ndi chitoliro kumayiko ambiri padziko lapansi. Chifukwa cha kutentha kwachilengedwe kumakhala kosavuta komanso kosadalirika, njira yotenthetsera polowetsamo iyenera kuonedwa ngati kusankha kosankhidwa. Kutentha kwachangu kumaphatikizapo mphamvu zonse zamagetsi zomwe zimatengedwa mwachindunji ndikuzisintha kuti zizitenthera pomwe zikufunika. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito bwino pachombo chilichonse kapena chitoliro chomwe chimafuna kutentha.

Kuchulukitsa kumapereka maubwino ambiri osapezeka ndi njira zina ndipo kumapereka magwiridwe antchito abwino pakupanga mbewu ndi magwiridwe antchito abwino popeza kulibe kutentha kwakanthawi. Makinawa ndi oyenera kuchitapo kanthu poyang'anira monga kupanga ma resin opangidwa m'dera la Hazard.

Monga aliyense chotengera chotenthetsera ndi bespoke kwa aliyense makasitomala zosowa ndi zofunikira, timapereka kukula kwake kosiyanasiyana ndi mitengo yotentha. Akatswiri athu akhala ndi zaka zambiri pakusintha kwachikhalidwe kuyambitsa kutentha kayendedwe kachitidwe kwa ntchito zosiyanasiyana m'mafakitale osiyanasiyana. Zowonjezera zimapangidwa kuti zigwirizane ndi zofunikira pakapangidwe kake ndipo zimamangidwa kuti ziziyenda mwachangu chotengera mwina muntchito zathu kapena patsamba.

MALANGIZO OTHANDIZA

• Palibe kulumikizana kwakuthupi pakati pa coil induction ndi wall wall.
• Kuyambitsa mwachangu ndi kutseka. Palibe inertia yotentha.
• Kutaya pang'ono
• Kulinganiza bwino zinthu ndi kutentha kwa khoma la chotengera popanda kuwombera.
• Mphamvu zamagetsi. Abwino kulamulira basi kapena yaying'ono-purosesa
• Malo owopsa otetezedwa kapena mafakitale ogwira ntchito pamagetsi amagetsi.
• Kutentha kwa yunifolomu kwaulere kosavuta.
• Kutsika mtengo.
• Kutentha kapena kutentha kwambiri.
• Zosavuta komanso zosinthika kuti zigwire ntchito.
• Kusamalira kochepera.
• Mgwirizano wazogulitsa.
• Kutenthetsera komwe kumakhalapo pazombo zomwe zimapanga malo ocheperako.

Kuchulukitsa koyilo kojambula Zilipo kuti zigwirizane ndi zida zazitsulo ndi akasinja amitundu ndi mawonekedwe omwe akugwiritsidwa ntchito pano. Kuyambira pa ma centremetres ochepa mpaka angapo mita m'mimba mwake kapena kutalika. Chitsulo chofewa, chovala chitsulo chofewa, chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri kapena zotengera zopanda mafuta onse amatha kutenthedwa bwino. Kawirikawiri khoma lochepa la 6mm limalimbikitsa.

Zoyeserera zama unit kuyambira 1KW mpaka 1500KW. Ndi makina otenthetsera mkati alibe malire pakulowererapo kwamagetsi. Zochepetsa zilizonse zomwe zimakhalapo zimayikidwa pakulowetsa kutentha kwa chinthucho, kapangidwe kake kapena mawonekedwe azitsulo pamakoma azombo.

Kutentha kwazitsulo kumaphatikizapo zonse zamagetsi zomwe zimatengedwa mwachindunji ndikuzisintha kuti zizitenthera momwe zikufunira. Popeza kutentha kumachitika molunjika pakhoma lazombo polumikizana ndi malonda ndipo kutentha kumachepa kwambiri, dongosololi limagwira bwino (mpaka 90%).

Kutentha kwanyumba kumapereka zabwino zambiri zosapezeka ndi njira zina ndipo zimapangitsa kuti mbewu zizigwira bwino ntchito komanso magwiridwe antchito abwino popeza kulibe kutentha kulikonse.

Makampani omwe amagwiritsa ntchito njira yotenthetsera:

• Zoyeserera ndi ketulo
• Zomatira ndi zokutira zapadera
• Mankhwala, gasi ndi mafuta
• Kukonza chakudya
• Kumaliza kwazitsulo ndi zitsulo

• Kutentha Kutentha
• zokutira
• Kutentha kwa nkhungu
• Kuyenerera & Kusayenerera
• Kutentha Kwambiri
• Kuyanika Chakudya
• Kutentha kwamadzimadzi
• Kutentha kwa Tank & Vessel ndi Kutchinjiriza

Makonzedwe a HLQ Induction Line Heater atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu monga:

• Kutenthetsa Mpweya ndi Gasi Pazakudya Zamakina ndi Zakudya
• Kutentha Kwamafuta Kwamafuta Ndi Mafuta Odyera
Kupanga Vaporising ndi Kutentha Kwambiri: Kutulutsa nthunzi pompopompo, kutentha pang'ono ndi kutentha / kuthamanga (mpaka 800ºC pa 100 bar)

Ntchito Zam'mbuyo Zotengera ndi Zopitilira Zimaphatikizapo:

Reactors and Kettles, Autoclaves, Process Vyessels, Storage and Settling Matanki, Malo osambira, ma Vats ndi Miphika Yotsimikizika, Zotengera Zapanikizika, Ma Vapourisor ndi ma superheater, Zosintha Kutentha, Ma Rotary Drums, Mapaipi, Ziwiri Zapamadzi Zotenthetsera

Pulojekiti ya In-Line Heater yapitayi ndi monga:

Kutentha Kwambiri Kutentha Mpweya wotenthetsera, Kutenthetsera Mpweya Wotenthetsera, Mafuta Opaka Mafuta, Mafuta Odyera ndi Mafuta Ophikira, Zowotchera Mafuta kuphatikiza Nitrogen, Nitrogen Argon ndi Catalytic Rich Gas (CRG).

Kutentha Kwambiri ndi njira yosalumikizirana yosankha magetsi opangira magetsi pogwiritsa ntchito maginito osinthasintha kuti apange magetsi, otchedwa eddy current, omwe amadziwika kuti susceptor, potero amatenthetsa chotsekeracho. Kutentha kwazitsulo kwakhala kukugwiritsidwa ntchito pamakampani azitsulo kwazaka zambiri pazinthu zotenthetsera zitsulo, monga kusungunula, kuyeretsa, kutentha, kutentha, ndi kuwotcherera. Kutentha kwanyumba kumachitika pafupipafupi, kuchokera pamagetsi amtundu wa AC otsika mpaka 50 Hz mpaka mafikidwe a MHz makumi.

Pafupipafupi polowetsamo kutentha kwa gawo lazowonjezera kumawonjezeka pakakhala njira yayitali yopezera chinthu. Zida zazikulu zolimba zimatha kutenthedwa ndimayendedwe ocheperako, pomwe zinthu zazing'ono zimafunikira ma frequency apamwamba. Kuti chinthu chokulirapo chitenthedwe, kutsika kwakanthawi kochepa kumapereka kutentha kosakwanira popeza mphamvu yomwe ikupezeka pantchitoyo siyopanga mphamvu ya ma eddy pachinthucho. Kuthamanga kwakukulu kwambiri, komano, kumayambitsa Kutentha kosafanana chifukwa mphamvu yomwe ili pamunda wolowerera siyilowerera mu chinthucho ndipo mafunde akungoyambira amangoyambira kumtunda kapena pafupi. Komabe, kutenthetsa kwazitsulo zazitsulo zopangira mpweya sizidziwika mu luso lapitalo.

Zojambula zam'mbuyomu zogwiritsa ntchito gasi zimafunikira kuti chothandizira chikhale ndi malo okwera kwambiri kuti mamolekyulu amagetsi azitha kulumikizana kwambiri ndi chothandizira. Zojambula zam'mbuyomu zimagwiritsa ntchito chothandizira chokwanira kapena tinthu tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono, tothandizidwa moyenera, kuti tikwaniritse malo oyenera. Zojambula zam'mbuyomu zimadalira kondakitala, radiation kapena convection kuti ipereke kutentha kofunikira kwa chothandizira. Kuti tikwaniritse kusankha kwamankhwala mosiyanasiyana mbali zonse za ma reactants ziyenera kukhala ndi kutentha yunifolomu komanso malo othandizira. Pazomwe zimachitika pamapeto pake, kuchuluka kwa kutentha kumafunika kukhala yunifolomu momwe zingathere pamutu wonse wa othandizira. Ma conduction onse, komanso convection, komanso radiation, sizimatha kwenikweni kupereka kuthekera kofananira ndi kufanana kwa kutumiza kwa kutentha.

GB Patent 2210286 (GB '286), yomwe ndi luso lapambuyo pake, imaphunzitsa kuyika ma tinthu tating'onoting'ono tomwe sitimagwira pamagetsi pazitsulo kapena kupangira chothandizira kuti chizichititsa magetsi. Chitsulo chachitsulo kapena mankhwala opatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa amatenthedwa ndipo amatenthetsa chothandizira. Tsambali limaphunzitsa kugwiritsa ntchito ferromagnetic pachimake chodutsa pakatikati pa bedi lothandizira. Zomwe amakonda pazitsulo za ferromagnetic ndi chitsulo cha silicon. Ngakhale ndizothandiza kuchitira mpaka pafupifupi madigiri 600 C., zida za GB Patent 2210286 zimavutika chifukwa chakuchepa kwamphamvu pakatentha. Mphamvu yamaginito yamafuta am'munsi mwa ferromagnetic imatha kutsika kwambiri kutentha kwambiri. Malinga ndi Erickson, CJ, "Handbook of Heating for Industry", pp 84-85, maginito opatsirana a iron ayamba kutsika pa 600 C ndipo wapita moyenera ndi 750 C. Popeza, pakupanga kwa GB '286, maginito Munda womwe uli pakama wothandizira umadalira maginito opatsira mphamvu ya ferromagnetic, makonzedwe amenewa sangatenthe chothandizira kutentha mopitilira 750 C, osatinso kufikira 1000 C yofunikira pakupanga HCN.

Zipangizo za GB Patent 2210286 zimakhulupiriridwanso kuti mankhwala ndi osayenera kukonzekera HCN. HCN imapangidwa ndi kuyankha kwa ammonia ndi mpweya wa hydrocarbon. Amadziwika kuti chitsulo amachititsa kuwonongeka kwa amoniya pa okwera kutentha. Amakhulupirira kuti chitsulo chomwe chimapezeka mu ferromagnetic core komanso chothandizira chothandizira mkati mwa chipinda cha GB '286 chitha kuyambitsa kuwonongeka kwa ammonia ndipo chitha kulepheretsa, m'malo molimbikitsa, momwe ammonia amafunira ndi hydrocarbon kuti apange HCN.

Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) ndi mankhwala ofunikira omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'mafakitole ndi migodi. Mwachitsanzo, HCN ndi chida chopangira adiponitrile, acetone cyanohydrin, sodium cyanide, ndi othandizira popanga mankhwala ophera tizilombo, zinthu zaulimi, obera, komanso chakudya cha ziweto. HCN ndi madzi owopsa kwambiri omwe amawira pa 26 madigiri C., motero, imakhala ndi malamulo okhwima okhwima ndi mayendedwe. Muzinthu zina, HCN imafunika kumadera akutali kutali ndi malo opangira HCN. Kutumiza kwa HCN m'malo amenewa kumakhudza zoopsa zazikulu. Kupanga kwa HCN m'malo omwe adzagwiritsidwe ntchito kumapewa ngozi zomwe zingakumane nawo poyendetsa, posungira, komanso poyang'anira. Kupanga pang'ono pamasamba a HCN, pogwiritsa ntchito zojambulajambula zam'mbuyomu, sikungakhale kotheka pachuma. Komabe, zazing'ono, komanso zazikulu, zopangidwa pamasamba a HCN ndizotheka komanso zachuma pogwiritsa ntchito njira ndi zida zomwe zapangidwazo.

HCN imatha kupangidwa ngati mankhwala omwe ali ndi hydrogen, nayitrogeni, ndi kaboni amasonkhanitsidwa pamatenthedwe otentha, popanda kapena chothandizira. Mwachitsanzo, HCN nthawi zambiri imapangidwa ndimomwe ammonia ndi hydrocarbon, zomwe zimachitika kwambiri. Njira zitatu zamalonda zopangira HCN ndi Blausaure aus Methan und Ammoniak (BMA), Andrussow, ndi Shawinigan. Njirazi zitha kusiyanitsidwa ndi njira yopangira kutentha ndi kusamutsa, komanso ngati chothandizira chagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Njira ya Andrussow imagwiritsa ntchito kutentha komwe kumapangidwa ndi kuyaka kwa mpweya wa hydrocarbon ndi oxygen mkati mwa voliyumu yamagetsi kuti ipereke kutentha kwa kuyankha. Njira ya BMA imagwiritsa ntchito kutentha komwe kumachitika ndi kuyaka kwakunja kotenthetsa kunja kwa makoma a riyakitala, komwe kumawotcha mkatikati mwa mpanda wa riyakitala ndipo motero kumawotcha. Njira ya Shawinigan imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu yamagetsi yoyenda kudzera ma elekitirodi mu bedi lamadzimadzi kuti ipereke kutentha.

Munthawi ya Andrussow, chisakanizo cha gasi wachilengedwe (mpweya wosakanikirana ndi hydrocarbon wochuluka mu methane), ammonia, ndi oxygen kapena mpweya zimachitika pamaso pa chothandizira cha platinamu. Chothandizira chimakhala ndi magawo angapo a waya wa platinamu / rhodium. Kuchuluka kwa mpweya ndikuti kuyatsa pang'ono kwamagetsi kumapereka mphamvu zokwanira kutenthetsanso ma reactants kutentha komwe kumachita zoposa 1000 ° C. komanso kutentha komwe kumafunikira popanga HCN. Mankhwalawa ndi HCN, H2, H2O, CO, CO2, ndikuwonetsetsa kuchuluka kwa ma nitrites, omwe amayenera kupatulidwa.

Munthawi ya BMA, chisakanizo cha ammonia ndi methane chimayenderera mkati mwa machubu osalowamo a ceramic opangidwa ndi zotengera zotentha kwambiri. Mkati mwa chubu chilichonse mumakhala ndi zokutira ndi ma platinamu. Machubu amaikidwa m'ng'anjo yotentha kwambiri ndipo amatenthedwa kunja. Kutentha kumachitika kudzera pakhoma la ceramic kupita ku chothandizira, chomwe ndichofunikira kwambiri pakhomalo. Zomwe zimachitikazo zimachitika nthawi ya 1300 ° C. pomwe ma reactants amalumikizana ndi chothandizira. Kutentha kotentha kumafunika kwambiri chifukwa cha kutentha kwakutentha, kutentha kwakukulu, komanso kuti kukoka kwa chothandizira kumatha kuchitika pansipa kutentha, komwe kumatsegula chothandizira. Popeza chubu lililonse limakhala pafupifupi 1 ″ m'mimba mwake, pamafunika ma machubu ambiri kuti akwaniritse zofunikira pakupanga. Zoyankha ndi HCN ndi hydrogen.

Munthawi ya Shawinigan, mphamvu zomwe zimafunikira popanga chisakanizo chokhala ndi propane ndi ammonia zimaperekedwa ndi magetsi omwe akuyenda pakati pamaelekitironi omizidwa mu bedi lamadzimadzi la tinthu tating'onoting'ono ta coke. Kusapezeka kwa chothandizira, komanso kusowa kwa mpweya kapena mpweya, munjira ya Shawinigan kumatanthauza kuti mayankhowo amayenera kuyendetsedwa ndi kutentha kwambiri, makamaka mopitilira 1500 madigiri C. Kutentha kwakukulu kumafunikira zovuta kwambiri pa zida zomangira ndondomekoyi.

Ngakhale, monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, zimadziwika kuti HCN itha kupangidwa ndi momwe NH3 imagwirira ntchito komanso mpweya wama hydrocarbon, monga CH4 kapena C3H8, pamaso pa chida chothandizira cha gulu la Pt, pakufunikirabe kukonza njirazi, ndi zina zofananira, kuti zikwaniritse zachuma pakupanga kwa HCN, makamaka pakupanga pang'ono. Ndikofunikira kwambiri kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndikuyenda kwa ammonia kwinaku kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa kupanga kwa HCN poyerekeza ndi kuchuluka kwa chitsulo chamtengo wapatali chogwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuphatikiza apo, chothandizira sichiyenera kukhudza kupanga HCN polimbikitsa zosafunika monga kusaka. Kuphatikiza apo, tikulimbikitsidwa kukonza ntchito ndi moyo wa othandizira omwe akugwiritsidwa ntchito motere. Chochititsa chidwi, kuti gawo lalikulu lazogulitsa HCN lili mgulu la platinamu. Chopangidwachi chikuwotchera chothandizira mwachindunji, m'malo molunjika monga momwe zidaliri kale, motero chimakwaniritsa izi.

Monga tafotokozera kale, kutentha kwapafupipafupi kotentha kumadziwika kuti kumapereka kufanana kofananira kwa kutentha pamphamvu zamagetsi kuzinthu zomwe zimakhala ndi njira zazitali zamagetsi. Pogwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi pamagawo owononga mpweya, kutentha kumayenera kutumizidwa mwachindunji kwa chothandizira ndi kuchepa mphamvu kwamagetsi. Zofunikira pakufunsa kutentha kofananira komanso koyenera kumtunda wapamwamba, malo opumira mpweya kumawoneka kuti akusemphana ndi kutenthetsera kotentha. Kupanga kumeneku kutengera zotsatira zosayembekezereka zomwe zimapezeka ndikukonzekera kwa riyakitala momwe chothandizira chimakhala ndi mawonekedwe atsopano. Mapangidwe amtunduwu amaphatikiza mawonekedwe a: 1) njira yayitali yayitali yoyendetsera magetsi, yomwe imathandizira kutenthetsa kwachangu kwa chothandizira mofananira, ndi 2) chothandizira chokhala ndi malo okwera; izi zimagwirizana kuti zithandizire kusintha kwamankhwala kumapeto kwake. Kuperewera kwachitsulo m'chipindacho kumathandizira kupanga HCN pochita ndi NH3 komanso mpweya wama hydrocarbon.

Induction zotentha zotengera zotengera